How changes can be an opportunity: the force of new thinking
When the climate of the world changed 65 million years ago, there was little the dinosaurs could do. Dinosaurs as a species were indeed able to adapt to new the situation by means of forces of natural selection and adaptivity of the genes. However, climate changes created a real paradigm shift. Species such as mammals not only survived but started to dominate the planet by their intrinsic ability to adapt to changes. Being warm-blooded, for example, they were able to live in different climates. Only a few hundred thousand years ago, a new species emerged in the Savannah areas of Africa: the humans. They rapidly started to dominate the world because of a few “killer applications”, such as the ability to communicate and cooperate, which essentially require the capability to “think”, and the adaptivity which results from this. Humans rapidly dominated everywhere on the planet. They simply used their intelligence to adapt to whatever situation they encountered. Essentially, they were able to develop new thinking, when needed.